Top 10 Best PWA Frameworks and Tools in 2021
Under the hood, PWAs have 3 major hallmarks which distinguish them from regular websites:
- Secure contexts (HTTPS)
- Service workers API (a JS script that works on browser background and enables caching and push-notifications on mobile)
- A web manifest that provides details about an app such as author, name, icon, and other UX and UI information.
With all these robust features at their command, progressive applications took UX and performance of regular websites to the next level. They are blazingly fast, secure, available from all browsers and devices, can be accessed offline, and bring the look and feel of native applications.
PWAs owe their uprise to the advent of different PWA frameworks that one can use to build a progressive storefront on top of their site. So app developers have two options here: they can create a PWA from the ground up using React.js, Vue.js, Angular.js, or they may make use of various dev tools to simplify the processes. Whatever choice they make, it will affect neither appearance nor behaviour of the app.
We want to delve into PWA frameworks, as well as dev tools, one may leverage to build a progressive app with minimal fuss.
List of Best PWA Frameworks and Libraries in 2021
Developed by Google, Angular is one of the oldest frameworks. It allows developers to maintain web infrastructures with ease and comfortability. Its prominent benefits include ongoing support by Google, mature methodology, faster application development, better plug & play components, and wide functionality out-of-the-box.
Bear in mind, that not all the versions of Angular.js are suitable for PWA building. As such, Angular 5 has become the first version of this framework that supports and maintains PWAs due to service workers embedded and the dedicated script allowing to create a progressive application via JSON configuration.
However, this PWA framework is far from being user-friendly and requires a solid level of coding skills, as well as experience in TypeScript. In this regard, some developers find it too advanced for their needs. If this is the case, we recommend choosing Polymer or React that go with templates and reusable components that prune down the processes.
React.js offers a pervasive ecosystem, a fast rendering process due to virtual DOM, and a huge developers’ community with ongoing support by Facebook. The create-react-app package will assist developers in reducing the hassle of setting up and configuring the apps and helps them build out PWAs at a faster pace.
Next to the above-mentioned frameworks, Vue.js is ranked among the top 3 major PWA frameworks used for building progressive apps. Such big e-commerce players as Alibaba and Laravel leverage this open-source progressive JS framework for building user interfaces.
Vue can be used for many purposes, not only for designing PWA storefronts, as the framework offers various default packages: for server-side rendering, routing, and others. For the PWA building, Vue.js provides CLI3, a dedicated PWA package that will help developers significantly simplify the processes. Besides, Vue combines with other supporting libraries and tools, for example, Nuxt.js to render a perfect single-page application.
Other advantages of this framework for creating applications include:
- lots of beneficial features
- simple structure and flexibility
- well detailed documentation
- fast server-side rendering.
Most commonly, Vue.js is used for MVPs and small projects but it has enough capacity for building more complex and dynamic applications. However, the only flaw is hiring a dev team. Even though Vue is quite simple and has similar concepts like Angular and React, there is a lack of experienced developers familiar with this PWA framework, its ecosystem, and specific features.
Ionic is an open-source SDK that is based on Angular components and Apache Cordova. It is good both for cross-platform mobile applications and PWAs. Thanks to WebView that renders web pages inside the device’s browser, it is possible to give websites the appearance of native applications.
Unlike competitors, Ionic has a short learning curve. Besides, its flexible tech stack allows Angular or React developers to effortlessly use this PWA framework for building applications. Ionic offers a huge library of over 250 pre-built routing, UI components, unit tests, and modules for adding native functionality to PWA projects that save time and effort on coding.
However, Ionic performance is a bad apple that spoils the whole barrel. Since the framework renders graphic elements via the browser, this fact can drastically defer the moment an image shows on the screen especially in media-heavy apps.
Among the main Polymer features are:
- ES2015 support that simplifies the way of creating custom elements
- Conditional and repeat templates
- Gesture events
- The ability to provide both one-way and two-way data binding and templating.
- Shadow DOM needed for encapsulation of CSS, JS, and templating so that the web component code remains separated from the rest of the DOM and modular.
Having all those robust features in its arsenal, Polymer.js reduces the gap between designers and developers. As such, developers may use Polymer elements including design and themes, which means there is no need to modify source code to match designers’ specifications.
Dev Tools for PWA Building
That said, developers can build a progressive app using one of the above-mentioned libraries and PWA frameworks. However, this way is for those who know the ropes and are ready to devote time to developing a project from the ground up. However, in order to streamline the processes and create a PWA faster, you may employ one of the following dev tools that should be chosen according to your needs and the platforms your website runs on.
Magento PWA Studio
Tailored to Magento 2, the PWA Studio is a toolkit designed to be a facilitator in building PWA Storefronts on top of M2 e-commerce websites. A piece of good news about the toolkit is that it follows the same release patterns as the second version of Magento so that it is always in line with the architectural changes and updates of the platform.
It comes with a plethora of tools and advanced libraries corresponding to the M2 principle of extensibility:
- PWA-buildpack (a library for Magento PWAs used to configure and set up a local environment)
- PWA-module that gives module asides and server-side usefulness.
- GraphQL is a great fit for the API side. Since the platform itself is massive, GraphQL is handy for “unloading” it.
- Peregrine (a set of React components created to handle Magento-specific functionality.
- Venia storefront (needed for displaying the current workflow, features, and visual elements), and other tools.
ScandiPWA is another dev solution created primarily for Magento websites. Just like the PWA Studio, this tool leverages GraphQL developed by Magento itself as the only approach to working with APIs. And that is where the comparison ends. ScandiPWA is a ready-to-use solution, an open-source Magento theme but not a set of tools. Since it connects to the same back-end you are already using, the theme doesn’t require extra databases, middleware, additional services. Due to the absence of a middle-layer, the performance of PWA apps is not suffering. Besides, every part of the theme can be customized to serve anyone’s needs. As such, you can make use of a variety of React modules such as Google maps, dynamic sliders, and so on. Scandi supports multiple languages, stores, domains, as well as other features.
Thus, you can easily install ScandiPWA on top of a Magento 2.3 or newer store. It is not appropriate for other CMS or earlier Magento versions.
Among the drawbacks of Webpack are unfriendly documentation, painful source code, and steep learning curve.
Super PWA is the easiest tool for WordPress users to convert a website into a progressive app. It is a WP plugin that can be installed and configured within the space of a few minutes. Once the plugin is applied, your users can get the feel of a native app and can receive push-notifications on their devices (only for Android users). Thanks to the user-friendliness of SuperPWA, you don’t need to be a high-level developer to use it. Besides, free UTM tracking add-on allows site owners to track how many visitors are using your PWA.
However, this tool can not be considered as an all-in-one solution that includes everything you need to develop a PWA from scratch. Thus, we could identify some flaws: the tool provides no Google Analytics settings, no theming GUI options to make a PWA look more like native apps, and push-notifications don’t work on iOS.
Once your PWA is created, you want to measure its performance, SEO, accessibility, and other important benchmarks. For this purpose, Google provides an awesome analytic tool – Lighthouse. that offers a set of metrics to test the app to test the application and guide you in creating PWAs with an immersive app-like experience for your visitors.
The tool significantly reduces the need to carry out manual testing to audit your web application for PWA features. Lighthouse enables developers to automate a series of tests against a given URL and fleetingly generate an exhaustive report which gives them a clue about how well the PWA is performing, as well as what bugs it has. The recorded data can be used to improve the overall performance of the newly created web application.
Lighthouse can either be run from the Chrome DevTools (from its Audits tab) or automated through the command line, as a Node module. Alternatively, it can be installed and run as a Chrome extension.
To stay afloat in modern market conditions, companies have to adapt to state-of-the-art technologies. More and more large and middle-sized brands leverage progressive web app methodology to provide their users with lightning-fast and app-like experience. The number of businesses getting rid of regular websites in favour of PWAs is growing exponentially. What seemed to us a gimmick 5 years ago is no longer considered unnatural. Progressive web apps that operate inside a browser but deliver an app-like UX are something that definitely worth your attention.
With this list of the best PWA frameworks and dev tools for building PWAs, you can create one with minimum efforts and at a faster pace.
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